Administration of Justice (ADJ)

ADJ 100. Survey of Criminal Justice. (3 Credits)

Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 105. The Juvenile Justice System. (3 Credits)

Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the right of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 110. Introduction to Law Enforcement. (3 Credits)

Studies the philosophy and history of law enforcement, presenting an overview of the crime problem and policy response issues. Surveys the jurisdictions and organizations of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. Examines the qualification requirements and career opportunities in the law enforcement profession. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 111. Law Enforcement Organization & Administration I. (3 Credits)

Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 115. Patrol Procedures. (3 Credits)

Describes, instructs and evaluates street-level procedures commonly employed by patrol officers in everyday law enforcement operations. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 117. Police Communications and Records. (3 Credits)

Introduces the principles for the organization and administration of law enforcement communications and records. Examines relationships of custody, central services, and agency logistics to the communications and records operation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 120. Introduction to Courts. (3 Credits)

Presents an overview of the American judiciary--the federal and 50 state judicial systems--with emphasis on criminal court structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the judicial system in Commonwealth of Virginia. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 128. Patrol Administration and Operations. (3 Credits)

Studies the goals, methods and techniques of police patrol with focus on the norms which govern work behavior in a police career. Examines the responsibilities of administrators and field supervisors of patrol in the local and state law enforcement agencies. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 130. Introduction to Criminal Law. (3 Credits)

Surveys the general principles of American criminal law, the elements of major crimes, and the basic steps of prosecution procedure. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 131. Legal Evidence. (3 Credits)

Surveys the identification, degrees, and admissibility of evidence for criminal prosecution; examines pre-trial and trial procedures as they pertain to the rules of evidence. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 133. Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional. (3 Credits)

Examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the criminal justice system, including those in policing, courts and corrections. Focuses on some of the specific ethical choices that must be made by the criminal justice professional. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 140. Introduction to Corrections. (3 Credits)

Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 147. Local Adult Detention Facilities. (3 Credits)

Studies security procedures in adult detention facilities, the criteria for effective supervision of inmates, the correctional aspects of inmate discipline, and the handling of "special inmates." Presents concepts, programs, and planning considerations for jail management and the operation of adult detention facilities. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 150. Introduction to Security Administration. (3 Credits)

Introduces the student to the field of private security--its history, structures, functions, and personnel; surveys the principles and practices of security administration. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 157. Computer Security. (3 Credits)

Examines security concerns with access controls, shutdown alternatives, hardware and software protection, and data encryption. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week. Cross-listed as ITN 260.

ADJ 160. Police Response to Critical Incidents. (3 Credits)

Provides a basic introduction to incident command and emerging trends. Addresses bomb threats; hostage/barricade situations; attacks on institutions such as schools and hospitals; criminal hazmat; terrorist, militia/paramilitary, and extended crime scene evidence collection scenarios; and other long term or large-scale events. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 161. Introduction to Computer Crime. (3 Credits)

Provides a basic introduction to the nature of computer crimes, computer criminals, relevant law, investigative techniques, and emerging trends. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 162. Introduction to Sex Crimes. (3 Credits)

Provides a basic introduction to sex crimes. Covers relevant law, investigative techniques, cybersex crimes and criminals, application of criminal investigative analysis, and future trends. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 164. Case Studies in Murder/Violent Crime. (3 Credits)

Introduces the student to the investigation of murder and other violent crimes by means of classic case studies and, to the extent feasible, local case files. Includes methodology, strategy and tactics, analysis, relevant law, and future trends. Covers evidentiary techniques and technologies with a primary focus on how critical thinking is applied to serious violent crime. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 168. Computer Applications in Administration of Justice. (3 Credits)

Provides instruction in the techniques and practices used to identify the automation needs of criminal justice agencies; covers the use of computer, applications in the processing of operational and administrative records and standardized reports; discusses the use of rational database applications to develop specialized reports. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 170. Street Gangs and Law Enforcement. (3 Credits)

Teaches the philosophy and history of gangs in America through the eyes of law enforcement, courts, corrections and the citizenry. Examines methods by which law enforcement defines the gang problem and intervenes in gang membership. Explores gang globalization; differentiates street gangs and terrorist cells. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 171. Forensic Science I. (3 Credits)

Introduces student to crime scene technology, procedures for sketching, diagramming and using casting materials. Surveys the concepts of forensic chemistry, fingerprint classification/identification and latent techniques, drug identification, hair and fiber evidence, death investigation techniques, thin-layer chromatographic methods, and arson materials examination. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 177. Digital Evidence and Forensics. (3 Credits)

Provides an introduction to knowledge and skills required to identify, preserve and collect digital evidence in criminal investigations, adhere to legal search and seizure requirements when collecting digital evidence, and maintain chain of custody as this pertains to criminal investigation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 211. Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures I. (3 Credits)

Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 212. Criminal Law, Evidence and Procedures II. (3 Credits)

Teaches the elements of proof for major and common crimes and the legal classification of offenses. Studies the kinds, degrees and admissibility of evidence and its presentation in criminal proceedings with emphasis on legal guidelines for methods and techniques of evidence acquisition. Surveys the procedural requirements from arrest to final disposition in the various American court systems with focus on the Virginia jurisdiction. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 215. Report Writing. (3 Credits)

Introduces the basic mechanics and procedures of report writing; emphasizes clear, concise and accurate writing of communications as they relate to law enforcement records, investigations, and research. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENG 111.

ADJ 216. Organized Crime and Corruption. (3 Credits)

Addresses judicial efforts against and involvement in corruption, drug, vice, and white-collar crimes, both individual and organized. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 227. Constitutional Law for Justice Personnel. (3 Credits)

Surveys the basic guarantees of liberty described in the U. S. Constitution and the historical development of these restrictions on government power, primarily through U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Reviews rights of free speech, press, assembly, as well as criminal procedure guarantees (to counsel, jury trial, habeas corpus, etc.) as they apply to the activities of those in the criminal justice system. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 228. Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. (3 Credits)

Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 229. Law Enforcement and the Community. (3 Credits)

Considers current efforts by law enforcement personnel to achieve an effective working relationship with the community. Surveys and analyzes various interactive approaches of law enforcement agencies and the citizenry they serve. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 232. Domestic Violence. (3 Credits)

Surveys historical issues that have affected family violence. Examines current trends in the context of the criminal justice system. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 234. Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. (3 Credits)

Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue-oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 236. Principles of Criminal Investigation. (3 Credits)

Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 240. Techniques of Interviewing. (3 Credits)

Provides the student with essential skills and techniques necessary to obtain quality information from victims, witnesses, and suspects, regarding criminal activity. Emphasizes locations and settings for interviews, kinesics, proxemics, and paralinguistics of both the interviewer and interviewee. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 241. Correctional Law. (3 Credits)

Studies the legal rights and obligations of the convict- probationer, inmate, and parolee. surveys methods of enforcing both rights and obligations and the responsibilities of corrections agencies and personnel under correctional law (constitutional, statutory, and regulatory provisions). Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 245. Management of Correctional Facilities. (3 Credits)

Describes management options and operational implications for staffing, security, safety, and treatment. Considers impact of changes in public policy on corrections. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 248. Probation, Parole and Treatment. (3 Credits)

Surveys the philosophy, history, organization, personnel and functioning of traditional and innovative probation and parole programs; considers major treatment models for clients. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 277. Advanced Digital Evidence and Forensics. (3 Credits)

Provides advanced knowledge and skills required to identify, preserve and collect digital evidence in criminal investigations, adhere to legal search and seizure requirements when collecting digital evidence, and maintain chain of custody as this pertains to criminal investigation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.

ADJ 298. Seminar and Project. (3 Credits)

Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. Lecture 3 hours per week. Total 3 hours per week.